English farm
Image credit: David McDermott – Creative Commons

Nowadays, not many people in the UK have personal experience of farming. Despite living in a market town in a rural area, I have only a superficial awareness of agriculture. We all know, though, that farming is hugely important for the environment.

One disappointment of electioneering is that when we meet farming people, they are often hostile to the Green Party. We rarely meet working farmers, because our limited number of active members can’t afford the time to travel to farms. Concentrating on towns and villages, the people we meet are more likely retired from farming.

However, as a local Green Party in a rural area, and with a few new members, we wanted to try active engagement with farmers. Our project is still at the planning stage, but looking around for information turned out to be encouraging. There look to be opportunities for a more positive relationship between Greens and farmers. We’re currently developing our contacts and looking to talk to the local National Farmers’ Union (NFU).

On the party side, there is an active policy working group. It intends to bring a whole new set of policies on food and agriculture to Spring Conference. The working group has benefited from input from active farmers who are party members. It certainly looks as if the new policies bring good ideas and an awareness of the issues faced by farmers.

At the same time, the NFU appears to be making a fresh effort on environmental issues. There are many aspects to this. One important point made by the NFU is that better data is needed on biodiversity. Both Greens and farmers need to encourage wider awareness of the importance of insects and soil quality. The latter is an extremely complex organic feature, with its own ecology.

Birds and mammals make for better pictures than insects or soil. We don’t want to discourage people from helping birds and mammals. But it is vital to have a complete ecological system from tiny bacteria and fungi, through insects to the largest creatures. Not only is all of this essential for biodiversity, it is the reason the climate crisis poses such big risks. Humans may be able to tolerate a few degrees of warming, but we need a healthy environment at every level.

Work on soil quality is at an early stage, and the NFU wants to see more research. It is aware that not all farmers are aware of the vital importance of soil quality. Greens often advocate reductions in the application of chemicals to farm land. The NFU shares this concern. And it acknowledges that significant reductions made in the decade to 2008 have not been sustained, and that new efforts are needed.

The NFU regrets many trends that will have echoes for Greens. Many walls and hedges have been lost. That has removed not only habitat for many creatures, but also routes through which they can travel. Traditional farmsteads are being lost through neglect. Although imported food can be attractive, there are obvious benefits to home grown food.

It is clear that farmers face a range of problems where Greens should support them. Fly tipping can be a costly problem, which emphasises the need for products to have workable plans for end of life handling. Dogs are often allowed to roam free and can cause serious damage. Invasive species can be a big threat. Above all, farmers need to make a living. The economic system can put undue pressure on farmers, making it impossible to make a return without resorting to bad practices.

As in so many other areas of life, government seems incapable of carrying through practical policies. Farmers have been actively promoting anaerobic digesters. But they have been let down by insufficient policy support from government departments and inadequate access to grid networks.

It’s not surprising that there are still some areas of uneasiness. The NFU stresses voluntary compliance with environmental standards, which may or may not work. There is debate over the appropriateness of upland farming. The NFU claims that much woodland is unmanaged or under managed, but are they right to seek to change that? The NFU still talks of biofuels, which are viewed with suspicion by Greens. And above all, there are questions about how far the NFU can carry farmers with them. At the small end of the scale, how many farmers are unaware of NFU initiatives? At the other end, are the big industrial farming concerns really going to put environmental values above profit?

Despite the caveats, there looks to be some room for optimism. Building on updated Green policies and signs of progressive views from the NFU, there looks to be an opportunity to build bridges. We will have to work hard to gain farmers as Green voters, but just achieving a better understanding on both sides would be worthwhile.